Visual Arts

Artistic expression was considered by Dr Montessori to be one of the fundamental needs of humans. In particular, she encouraged children to draw. She felt that if children have fine motor control of the hand, learned through the exercises of practical life, combined with trained skills in perception, learned through the exercises of the senses, they would be able to create visual art works of a high quality.

Dr Montessori observed that during periods of creative drawing and design work, children concentrate ‘deeply and wholly’ with their ‘entire intellect at work’. She describes the process in the following way:

‘To confer the gift of drawing, we must create an eye that sees, a hand that obeys, a soul that feels; and in this task the whole of life must cooperate’.

Art appreciation is also an important aspect of Montessori early childhood settings. By looking at the art works of others, children learn that it is possible to create different and unique works while using knowledge, skill and techniques developed by others.

In Visual Arts at Blue Gum Montessori School, we teach students about using Visual Language and developing the ways they do so through Visual Skills, Techniques and Processes, and using Materials and Technologies.

Creating in Visual Arts
• making representations of ideas and intended meanings
• selecting visual effects through problem solving and making decisions
• developing knowledge, skills and processes
• applying techniques and processes using materials in 2D, 3D and 4D.

Responding in Visual Arts
• responding to own art works
• being audience members as they view, manipulate, reflect, analyse, enjoy, appreciate and evaluate their own and others’ visual art works.

Junior Primary – students make visual representations of their own image to explore and connect with their feelings. Students are provided with a variety of art media and introduced to selecting visual effects. Assessment task – Self Portrait (painting and collage art work).

Middle Primary – students make individual representations of trees symbolising their class names – Tingle, Wandoo or Karri. Students are provided with a variety of art media and introduced to selecting visual effects through problem solving and making discerning decisions as to what makes a pleasing art work. Assessment task – Tree of Life (mixed media art work).

Upper Primary – students make individual representations of the natural environment, closely observing the structure and form of leaves. Students are provided with a variety of media and introduced to selecting visual effects through problem solving and making discerning decisions as to what makes a pleasing art work. Students demonstrate increasing skill development and explore a variety of processes in making two dimensional art works. Assessment task – Leaf Litter (mixed media art work).