The 9-12 year old child
By the time children reach the age of nine, they are moving from being concrete intellectual explorers of the universe to becoming abstract intellectual explorers of the world. Children at this age are deep thinkers whose curious, reasoning and imaginative minds are asking questions about “Who am I?”, “Why?”, “How?” and “What if?”. They come to understand the interconnectedness and interdependency of every aspect in the universe. The concrete materials are still available at a deeper level. Experience and thought begin to connect.
The child’s education in Upper Primary continues to promote the development of his or her mental independence as well as the ability to manage the requirements of daily life with grace, confidence and effectiveness. The structure of the Montessori classroom encourages a high level of self-discipline. Though their work within the community of the classroom, school and the wither local community, children come to understand the value of cooperation and service to others. Explorations beyond the classroom are of high significance as the child learns to connect with their community and learns how society works.
The Upper Primary Curriculum
In Upper Primary, 9-12 years old, the children build on and extend their knowledge and skills they began with their parents, continued to build in the 3-6 cycle and added depth to in the 6-9 cycle. This cycle is one of consolidation, similar to the 3-6 cycle.